Wearable-Series-BP-88A

Monitoring blood pressure has been around for ages and as technologies advance through the years, newer techniques of keeping blood pressure in check are coming up. Among the many that are creating waves, Pulse Wave monitors and the associated techniques are standing out.

This is a deep look into Pulse Wave techniques that are ways through which blood pressure monitors are able to take advantage of pulse waves that are produced in the circulatory system to be able to detect any irregularity or any slight change in blood flow, velocity, or pressure. These techniques are a much faster way of catching circulatory complications in their infancy.

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What Is a Pulse Wave?

A Blood Pressure Monitor

Medically speaking, a Pulse Wave can be described as the wave of increased pressure that is triggered by the ventricular systole that radiates from the semilunar valve of the heart over the arterial system at a rate that varies between 20 and 30 feet per second in different arteries. The Pulse Wave is what is used to check for blood pressure in humans through the use of various equipment that is able to detect the slightest changes in pressure. 

When plotted onto a graph, the pulse wave can be classified into four categories:

The Pulse Wave Graph

Class I: This has a distinct incisura which is inscribed on the downward slope of the pulse wave.

Class II: It has no incisura developing anywhere but the line of descent becomes horizontal.

Class III: It has no notch present but a well-defined change in the angle of descent can be observed.

Class IV: There is no evidence of a notch.

History of Pulse Waves Techniques

Pulse Wave Illustration
Source: Pixabay

The first attempt at humans getting a reading of the pulse wave in the blood dates back to 500BC in China. Physicians back then used the palpitations of the wrist as a diagnostic tool during their medical examinations. 

This further developed into what was called Maijing in 300AD which was a system that categorized the pulse into 24 types. The Maijing was the first medical literature in the world and it formed the basis of further developments that are now being used in the modern world.

The culmination of human inquiry into the pulse wave finally paid off in a huge way in 1860 when Etienne Jules Mary invented a sphygmograph that could measure the pulse rate. It was the first-ever device that had the ability to record a pulse wave, although not much had been uncovered in regards to how exactly the pulse wave worked. 

Further improvements of Etienne’s sphygmograph followed with notable names like Mahomed and Fredrick turning the instrument into what the modern world is more familiar with.

Pulse Wave Techniques

A Digital Blood Pressure Monitor
Source: Pixabay

There are two main Pulse Wave techniques that have been in use since the 19th century; Pulse Wave Analysis and Pulse Wave Velocity. Each serves a different function and works in their own way to help the medical world get accurate readings of the blood pressure.

Pulse Wave Analysis

Pulse Wave Analysis was developed in the 19th century by a man known as Mohammed. Using his sphygmograph, he was able to differentiate several cardiovascular diseases, correctly diagnosing them. The heart condition he was able to detect was rheumatic carditis which had proved elusive to medical experts in previous years.

On top of all that, he was able to document his observations of the deleterious effect of some of the common infectious diseases at the time on the whole cardiovascular system, with a special focus on Bright’s disease.

Pulse Wave Velocity

Pulse wave velocity blood pressure refers to the velocity that blood pressure pulses propagate through the whole circulatory system. Clinically, PWV can be used to ascertain the arterial stiffness which makes it a non-invasive method of checking for the various blood pressure-related complications. PWV blood pressure techniques are much more accurate and they have been given a mark of approval by various medical experts around the world.

Interchangeability

PWA and PWV serve almost similar functions with different methodological routes since both are derived from the same pulse wave properties of the blood pressure. However, interchangeability is not possible owing to the fact that they work in wildly different ways. 

On one hand, PWV is the official gold standard for arterial stiffness and has been greatly associated with the mortality of the cardiovascular system. PWA on the other hand mainly determines the central pressure wave traits with systolic and diastolic pressures being the main variables.

Medical Applications of Pulse Wave

There are various ways that Pulse Waves can be used in the medical field and more new ways are being discovered every day. So far, the main applications of this technique include the following.

Blood Pressure Monitors

A BP Monitor in Use
Source: Pixabay

The pulse wave correctly reflects the pulse rhythm of the heart, the heartbeat itself, and the dynamic state of the angiography. All these are vital sources of information that can tell you exactly what is going on with your blood. Blood pressure monitors rely on pulse waves to be able to register a reading through monitoring the systolic and diastolic pressures detected by the pulse waves.

Catheters

A Catheter
Source: Pixabay

This is a soft hollow tube that is passed into the bladder to drain out the urine in people who have complications that stop them from properly emptying their bladders the natural way. Clinical catheters employ the principles of pulse waves and come in various capacities that range between 300-500ml. They are designed to empty the bladder about 6-10 times in a 24hr window.

Factors that Affect the Pulse Wave

A Pulse Wave Graphic
Source: Pixabay

The pulse wave, like any other physiological process in the body, is subject to being affected by various internal and external factors. The factors can be split into two categories: Physiological and Disease factors. 

Physiological Factors

These are bodily factors that we have no control over, they simply happen because they are part of life’s processes. They include the following.

Age

An old lady with wrinkles on her face
Source: Pixabay

Age affects many things in the body, from the intensity of the heartbeat to the blood pressure and pulse in the veins and arteries, these changes become more pronounced as you advance in age. The effect of age was first described by Mahomed who noted that aging has obvious effects on the arterial pulses in different locations in the circulatory system.

It has been noted that the Aortic velocity of the blood doubles up between the ages of 20-100, this perfectly explains why the pulse pressure increases as someone advances in age. This is why older people are prone to hypertension compared to younger people.

Physical Fitness

Physical Exercise
Source: Pixabay

Physical fitness has a huge impact on the health of the arterial pulse wave. When you are engaged in exercises you will have a better arterial pulse, a phenomenon associated with a lower systolic augmentation in the arteries. With more exercise, your blood vessels dilate which in turn reduces the high pulse high blood pressure in the body. 

This decreases the wave reflection and the pulse wave velocity in the blood. Lack of exercise has the opposite effect and the more obese an individual gets the strain is increased. This is a major reason why hypertension is higher in people with bodyweight problems.

Diet

A Well Balanced Diet
Source: Pixabay

What you eat is tied to a lot of things in the human body. Ingesting a small amount of glucose for example will have an instant effect on the pulse wave, it reduces the wave reflection and laters the country of the arterial pulse wave due to an increase in insulin in the body. 

When you eat healthy foods that are good for your veins and arteries, the pulse wave in your blood is stabilized which in turn reduces the risks of having blood pressure-related complications. The opposite will be the case if your diet contains a lot of sugar and fats.

The Heart Rate

Heart Rate
Source: Pinterest

Various things are altered by any slight change of the heart rate, the ventricular ejection, in particular, is highly susceptible to any changes in the heart rate patterns. Every time the heart rate changes, the contour of the arterial pulse wave also changes. Augmentation increases exponentially when the heart rate reduces and reduces when the heart rate shoots up again.

An increase in the heart rate has also been found to increase the amplification of the pulse wave between the peripheral arteries and the aorta. Things that can increase or reduce the heart rate include anxiety, dehydration, environmental factors like wind and high temperatures, insufficient nutrition, among many others.

Height and Size

Tall and Short People
Source: Pinterest

The bigger and taller a person is, the higher the needs of the body. It takes much longer and much more energy to get the blood circulating all over the body efficiently. The differences in body heights explain the differences in augmentation between short and tall people. Due to this, it has been found that shorter people are more prone to cardiovascular diseases compared to their taller counterparts.

Gender

Gender
Source: Pinterest

Where gender is involved, hormones come into play and as it is already well known, hormones do affect physiological processes. Estrogen for example has very acute effects on arterial stiffness and this is the reason why there is a huge difference between the pulse wave contours in males and females. There are also huge differences between the pulse waves in women who are going through menopause and those that are yet to reach that stage.

Disease Factors

The effect of diseases on the human body cannot be overlooked. Some are so severe that the changes they bring to the body are irreversible. The pulse wave, being a physiological process, is also affected indirectly by diseases. The following are some of the diseases that can impact it.

Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis
Source: Pinterest

Arteriosclerosis is an aging disease that occurs when blood vessels become thick and stiff, restricting the efficient flow of the blood to other organs and tissues. Normally, arteries are flexible and elastic, features that make it possible for them to regulate the pulse wave as they see fit. The condition impacts the contours of the pulse wave negatively and it increases pulse and systolic pressures which lead to a condition called isolated systolic hypertension.

Hypertension

Checking for Hypertension
Source: Pinterest

Hypertension is a common cardiovascular condition that affects many people around the world. There are many causes of hypertension but a majority of them are a consequence of aortic regeneration. High blood pressure increases pulse wave velocity which consequently increases the amplitude of the secondary systolic pressure wave in the arteries of the radial region.

Diabetes Mellitus

Blood-Testing-for-Diabetes
Source: Pixabay

An increase in blood sugar in the body alters the blood pressure and at the same time, it negatively impacts the effective flow of the blood. The disease also increases aortic stiffness which affects the pulse wave contour. Not much has been found on how exactly the effect the disease has on the pulse wave, so far the research has only scratched the surface. A conclusive answer is not that far off.

Heart Failure

Heart Failure
Source: Heart Attack

The heart is the engine of the whole circulatory system. It dictates everything, from the speed to the pressure needed to ensure that blood reaches every corner of the body. When the heart is performing at optimum levels then the pulse wave is maintained uniformly throughout the body without any complication. Once the heart is compromised then the pressure falls down sharply and this affects the pulse wave contour alongside other vital parts and processes within the circulatory system.

Effects of Drugs

An Assortment of Drugs
Source: Unsplash

Drugs, medicinal, or narcotics, do affect the blood greatly. Vasodilators for instance have been found to have favorable effects in the body, thanks to a test conducted by the pulse wave analysis. Hard drugs like cocaine and heroin are known to reduce the heart rate after a while and this could also affect the pulse wave contour.

How the Pulse Wave Works in Measuring Blood Pressure

A Working Digital Blood Pressure Monitor on a person's upper arm
Source: Pixabay

The working behind the pulse wave when it comes to measuring the blood pressure is very simple. The pulse itself has limitations that make it hard for anyone to determine the true nature of the pressure present in the blood at any given time by touching. This is where the pulse wave comes in. It is formed by the combination of the incident wave, which is the pressure wave that is created by the left ventricle in systole, and the reflected waves which emanate from the periphery vessels. 

Through the use of the applanation tonometry, the pulse wave pressure is detected by compressing the artery between an underlying structure and the probe which has a micro manometer tip. By collecting all the minute changes in the blood ranging from the velocity and the pressure, the blood pressure monitor, through the use of the pulse wave technique, is able to determine the blood pressure with the utmost precision.

As technology advances, we are seeing more and blood pressure monitors coming up that are an improvement to the traditional means of measuring blood pressure.  When comparing the modern types of BP monitors to the ones that have been used in the past you will come up with various differences that may include the following.

Modern pulse wave monitors are easier to use and can be operated by anyone from the comfort of their homes. Traditional ones, on the other hand, will need the supervision of a physician as they are the only ones trained to properly use them.

PW blood pressure monitors are also cheaper and much easier to acquire. They are widely sold in most stores in residential areas. Traditional sphygmomanometers on the other hand are costlier and are only sold in specific places near hospitals.

There is more accuracy and urgency with PW devices. They take less than 30 seconds to give you the most accurate reading you can ever get from a blood pressure monitor. Traditional devices, although highly accurate in their own right, are not that instantaneous with the results. The doctor will have to conduct at least three tests and do the average to get a concise picture.

Why Do Pulse Wave Blood Pressure Devices Outperform Others?

Kids-Use-RBP-1200

Humans tend to move towards efficiency when equipment and tools are involved. They try as much as they can to improve what they have in order to make their life more convenient. The following are reasons why pulse wave based blood pressure devices outperform their peers in the market.

Accuracy

Most digital blood pressure monitors employ the pulse wave mechanism and this increases their accuracy to dizzying levels. The ability to detect even the slightest changes in the blood flow velocity or pressure is an underrated feature that has revolutionized the treatment of hypertension. In the past, several measurements had to be taken to get an accurate reading. With PW monitors, you only conduct the test once and you are good to go.

Efficiency

PW blood pressure monitors are very efficient. You can get your results within 30 seconds for the fastest ones in the market. This makes it much easier for doctors to deal with any emergency situation much faster as they are able to quickly diagnose a patient by using the data they can quickly get by using these devices.

Safety

Blood pressure monitors that use pulse wave technology have been certified safe. They are non-invasive and are simple enough to even be operated by a child. Most come with a simple interface that is operated by a single button. On top of all that, they only stay on your hand for less than a minute.

Environmentally Friendly

Pulse wave blood pressure monitors have been designed with the environment in mind. Most are created using recyclable materials in line with the sustainability goals that have been widely instituted around the globe.

Why choose Raycome?

As the medical advancements accelerate around the world, there are companies that have been in the frontlines, making moves and breaking barriers. Raycome is among the ones that are gradually standing out and leaving a mark. When it comes to the latest blood pressure technologies, Raycome should be your first choice and the following are the reason why.

Advanced Technology: One look at Raycome devices and you will automatically see how advanced they are as far as functionalities are concerned. Raycome devices are not only highly accurate but they are designed with the latest tech that is as efficient as they come.

Authoritative Endorsement: In the medical world, getting the acknowledgment of professionals from various regions of the world is the equivalent of the Nobel prize. Raycome devices and services have been given the mark of approval from governments, medical organizations as well as highly acclaimed physicians from various parts of the world. This is a true testament to how efficient Raycome is.

Invention Hub: Raycome goes a step further than simply improving what already exists. The company has come up with novel devices that are going to change the medical landscape in the near future. So far, Raycome has nailed down invention patents in 8 countries with 40 others still pending.

Authoritative Certification: It is not by accident that all the Raycome devices in use today are working without any hitches that one would expect from novel devices. Every Raycome device that comes out of the assembly line is certified by the FSC, CE, ISO, AAMI, ESH, and a host of other licensing bodies around the world.

Innovation: Raycome devices are integrated with a mobile blood pressure app to make it easier for people to operate the devices without any need of a doctor being present. Their BP Secretary app for instance allows you to operate the blood pressure monitor remotely once you have linked the monitor to the app.

After-Sales Services: Once you do business with Raycome, they ensure the relationship goes beyond the transaction. After-sales services like returns, refunds, and others are available to anyone who runs into a mishap with their devices. This ensures that a good rapport is established between the company and its clients all through ensuring that they come back for more in the future.

Conclusion

Pulse Wave technology is here to stay and when you look at what has been accomplished in the blood pressure department because of it, the future looks promising. Thanks to technologies like this, you no longer need to have to rush to the hospital every time you run into complications. All you now need is a reliable pulse wave blood monitor by your side to keep track of your blood pressure anytime you want.

Sphygmomanometer

Source : Pinterest

A sphygmomanometer is used to measure blood pressure. It is mainly found in hospitals where the doctors can accurately read your blood pressure measurements. However, you can learn how to measure your blood pressure accurately from home and get one for yourself. Many sphygmomanometer brands in the market offer different features on their products. Here are a few for you to consider;

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PARAMED-Professional-Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer-Blood-Pressure-Cuff
Source: Pinterest

The Paramed cuff assures you of quality and value for money spent. It comes with a universal cuff to ensure that it fits comfortably on everyone. It is also fitted with great velcro that helps keep it secure for an accurate reading. It comes with a pouch and is very lightweight to carry around.

You can expect great customer service from their customer care service. It is fast and customer-oriented. This blood pressure monitor also comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee in case it doesn’t meet your expectations. 

You can invest in this aneroid sphygmomanometer for both homes and medical use.

ADC-Diagnostix-703-Palm-Style-Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer
Source: Pinterest

ADC DIagnostix is a great blood pressure monitor that makes it easier to use. It comes with a one-handed air release valve that helps you control how much air you let out and how fast. This blood pressure monitor is very easy to use and assemble right from the packaging. It comes with a size guide to help you take your measurements accurately. Check out aneroid sphygmomanometer suppliers and inquire about it. 

Source: Pinterest

This is another great sphygmomanometer for you to consider. These sphygmomanometer manufacturers promise a 2-year inflation system warranty and a lifetime calibration warranty. This makes it a great investment especially if you’re thinking to buy something that will last you for a few years. With such a deal you can invest without any worries of it being spoilt.

Greater-Goods-Sphygmomanometer-Manual-Blood-Pressure-Monitor
Source: Pinterest

This sphygmomanometer was made to be used mainly in the hospital by professionals who understand how to handle manual monitors. This particular monitor is designed in a completely different way. The gauge is attached to the bulb using a metal strip that acts as a handle. This handle is useful to ensure you avoid any shaking that could interfere with your blood pressure results.

Elite-Medical-Instruments-Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer
Source: amazon.in

EMI sphygmomanometers are very affordable and ideal for students and those looking to invest in something inexpensive. It comes with a precision fitted manometer and gauge to ensure accuracy. It also features 2 adult bladders to facilitate the efficient flow of air.

The cuff comes in a durable nylon material with markings that you can adjust accordingly for an accurate assessment. It also comes with a storage bag to help take care of it and clean it when not in use.

MDF-Instruments-Aneroid-Premium-Professional-Sphygmomanometer
Source: amazon.com

MDF instruments are mostly preferred by professionals. This is because the products are not only long-lasting but also come with an offer of a lifetime calibration. It is also quite efficient and will give you accurate measurements when used right.

Wearable-Series-BP-88A

Raycome’s sphygmomanometer comes with an amazing feature that is not found in any of the others. These monitors use sensor technology to detect pulse waves. The upper airbags work as pumps and the lower airbags are used as stethoscopes. All that in one device. Amazing right? Raycome is a well known BP machine company that provides products that are of high quality and stable. They also make sure you are safe by using mercury pollution-free products. These devices come with a one year warranty and assure you of accurate readings every time.

Santamedical-Adult-Deluxe-Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer
Source: amazon.com

The Santa medical sphygmomanometer is a budget-friendly blood pressure monitor that will not fail you. It comes with a cuff that is resistant to moisture, abrasions, and chemicals. This makes it last longer to serve you.

Dixie-EMS-Purple-Deluxe -Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer-Blood-Pressure-Set
Source: walmart.com

This sphygmomanometer is cheaper than the rest and is used mainly by students at the start of their medical practice. It helps them get acquainted with the in and outs of measuring blood pressure without first investing inexpensive gear. It comes with a strong velcro that will allow for accurate measurements.

Prestige Medical Aneroid Sphygmomanomete
Source: amazon.com

The Prestige Medical Aneroid sphygmomanometer is a unique one because it comes in wide varieties. You can order different colors and patterns to accommodate the different people you attend to. The cuff features an index, range of markings, and an artery indicator marking. All of this will help enhance accuracy. 

ADC-Pro’s-Combo-Adult-Pocket-Aneroid-Sphygmomanometer-Kit
Source: amazon.com

This sphygmomanometer comes as a kit, with the blood pressure monitor and a stethoscope. Although the stethoscope may not be the best quality it will get the basics done. 

Conclusion

When it comes to deciding which sphygmomanometer you should buy, remember you’re spoilt for choice. Just consider the sphygmomanometer cost, your experience, and durability then you’ll make the right choice.

 

Also Read:

Blood-pressure-monitor

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Blood pressure is something you need to keep tabs on. Whether you decide to get a blood pressure monitor to do it yourself or go to your doctor every once in a while. If you decide to get your own blood pressure, be sure to research how to accurately use BP monitors.

To get the best product in the market, make sure to find reputable blood pressure monitor manufacturers. Research and understand the choices you have then determine which one works for you. You could either choose an arm cuff, a wrist cuff, a manual bp machine, or a digital blood pressure monitor. Keep in mind that using a wrist cuff requires extra effort to make sure the readings are accurate.

You may be wondering why you’d even want to invest in a blood pressure monitor at all. Here are a few things to keep in mind.

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They Help you Monitor Your Blood Pressure

Blood-pressure-monitor-on-patients-arm
Source: news-medical.net

Checking your blood pressure accurately at home will help you keep tabs on it and avoid any health problems. For most people who experience hypertension, they tend to have other health-related problems like diabetes. To avoid accelerating these problems, you need to make sure your blood pressure is normal at all times.

Help Track Your Lifestyle Progress

Healthy-diet
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To eliminate any high blood pressure risks, your doctor will recommend a series of lifestyle changes. You’ll need to start working out, change your diet, and reduce your alcohol intake. These changes are generally meant to improve your body’s health and encourage normal blood flow rate. Monitoring your bp will help you determine whether the changes are working or not. If not, go back to your doctor and see what other adjustments can be made. 

Helps With Early Diagnosis

Lady-writing-the-word-diagnosis
Source: alzheimersnewstoday.com

If you’re suffering from diseases that could result in an increase or decrease in your blood pressure, it is best to measure your bp often. This will help you diagnose any changes in your blood pressure. If your blood pressure rises or drops consecutively, go to your doctor and get started on what you need to do. 

Gives You a Sense of Control

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Seeing the progress you’ve made, will assure you that you still have control over your health and your life. This will motivate you to keep up with your lifestyle changes and any medications you have. Such small wins will also help you stay accountable and keep time for measuring your blood pressure.

Help reduce Your Medical Fees

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Source: insurancejournal.com

The lifestyle changes you make are meant to reduce the need for medication and endless doctor’s visits. Monitoring your bp will help you reduce these medical fees significantly. If you find that nothing is working, you can then adjust accordingly to accommodate the improvements you want to see.

Help You Administer Emergency Treatment incase of Any Complications

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Source: emedicinehealth.com

Complications arise quite often and you might need to handle them yourself before getting to a doctor. Having a blood pressure monitor around will help you assess your hypertension and see whether it’s the cause. If it is, you can then take your medication as instructed by your doctor or find some other way to normalize it.

Help You Identify White Coat Hypertension

Air bag of Raycome 2400 bp machine

This refers to the situational rise in blood pressure due to a stressful occurrence. Most people experience this when they visit their doctors and are concerned about what could go wrong. You may also experience this after a workout since your body has not had time to relax. 

Helps Ease the Burden

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After accurate readings from your BP monitor, you might get to a point where your blood pressure is well-controlled. This would mean that you can reduce the numerous visits to your doctor. However, you should understand that home monitoring is not the end of it. Try your best to see your doctor every once in a while. Keep up with your medication and lifestyle until your doctor says otherwise. 

Conclusion

Blood pressure monitors are meant for hospitals and also for your homes. Having a blood pressure monitor is important not only for those with underlying illnesses but also for healthy people. Remember, you cannot predict when your hypertension will be triggered. This is why taking your blood pressure readings every once in a while is good. It will only take a few minutes of your time and give you the answers you need.

 

Also Read:

Lady-with-a-wrist-blood-monitor

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Measuring your blood pressure is very important to ensure it is kept in check and monitor the progress of your treatment. Getting your own blood pressure monitor from a recognized blood pressure monitor supplier will help make this easier.

Wrist blood pressure monitors are more portable because they are less bulky compared to arm monitors. These monitors are easy to travel with and easy to use for those people with mobility limitations and larger upper arms. If you’re thinking about getting a wrist blood pressure monitor, here are a few things you should know;

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Do Wrist Blood Pressure Monitors Work Accurately

Wrist-blood-monitors
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To get the right readings on your blood pressure, ensure you get the best wrist blood pressure monitor in the market, and confirm whether it is accurate. When it comes to wrist blood pressure monitors, the accuracy highly depends on how you use it.

You need to learn the right techniques of taking accurate blood pressure at home and do exactly as directed. However, you should keep in mind that the arteries on your wrist are narrower than those on your arm. This could potentially make the results slightly higher as compared to results from an arm monitor.

How To Use a Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor to Ensure Accuracy

Using a wrist blood pressure monitor requires you to familiarize yourself with how to measure your blood pressure and ways to do it right. Here are a few tips to help you get the right results each time;

Place Your Arm in the Right Position

Blood-pressure-monitor-on-a-patient’s-wrist
Source: allheart.com

Your arm and wrist need to be placed directly at your heart’s level. Find something to elevate and support your arm and make sure you’re using a flat surface. The best way to do this is by seating the right way. Your feet should be flat on the floor, your back straight, and upright. Make sure to be as comfortable as possible to avoid constant movements.

Avoid Any Movements

Hospital-use RBP 7000

It is important to avoid too much movement before and during your blood pressure readings. If you plan to workout, be sure to do it an hour before you get to measure your BP. This is because after a workout your heart rate will be elevated and if you measure then, you’ll get incorrect measurements. Sit still in a quiet place and hold your position until after you’re done.

Be Consistent With Your Time and Position

Pocket-watch
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Try your best to find a seating position where you can consistently take your blood pressure measurements. This will help you get better at the placement of your arm and make it easier when the time comes. You should also try to keep the same time if possible to help you manage your schedule better and ensure you don’t forget.

Take Sequential Readings

Wrist-blood-pressure-monitor
Source: amazon.co.uk

The best way to ensure that your readings are accurate is to take sequential readings. After you measure the first time, wait at least 30 seconds then do it again. However, be sure to stay still and avoid sudden movements during this break. After your second reading, compare the numbers to confirm the accuracy of your wrist monitor.

Be in an Environment With a Moderate Climate

A room-thermostat
Source: hometree.co.uk

Have a feel of your environment to determine the climate. This is especially important because high temperatures can interfere with your results. Strive to be in a moderate environment where it is not too hot or too cold. 

Place the Wrist Monitor Correctly

A wrist blood pressure monitor working on a person's wrist
Source: Pinterest

Place the monitor directly on your skin and make sure there is no fabric interfering. Also, your wrist monitor should be placed approximately a half-inch from your wrist bone. Check the monitor screen and face it on the same side as your palm.

Avoid Taking Alcohol or Coffee Before Testing

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Both alcohol and coffee temporarily increase the levels of your blood pressure. This is why you should try your best to avoid them before your time to test comes. Give yourself a period of one to two hours after having coffee to take your blood pressure measurements.

Conclusion

Using a wrist blood pressure monitor to monitor your BP is a step in the right direction. All you need to do is find the right wrist monitor for you and make sure you do everything needed to ensure accuracy.

If you run into any problems or need to compare results, go to your doctor, and get some help. Have your doctor test you using the hospital BP monitor then use your wrist monitor to do the same. This will help you compare results to determine whether your device is accurate. 

 

Also Read:

 

Automatic BP Machine By Raycome

Blood pressure rate is a measure of the force at which your heart pumps blood to the rest of your body. It is measured using a blood pressure monitor also known as a sphygmomanometer. Knowing this, you need to monitor it and make sure it is kept in check.

Home monitoring is especially important if you have a history of high blood pressure. This means that you have to invest in a blood pressure monitor and learn how to accurately use it.

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Importance of Taking Your Blood Pressure

Arm-with-a-blood-pressure-cuff-and-monitor
Source: news-medical.net

Helps Monitor Your Treatment

To keep your blood pressure steady, you need to make sure that the medication prescribed to you by your doctor is working. Measuring your blood pressure regularly will help you assess your progress and see what needs to change. Consult with your doctor about changing your medication or adjusting the dosage if there are no improvements. 

Helps With Early Diagnosis

Monitoring your blood pressure will help you avoid any complications that could arise without your knowledge. Remember, hypertension may come with other underlying conditions that could affect your health. Taking your blood pressure accurately will better inform you of your condition and you can then seek medical attention. 

It Helps Keep Your Blood Pressure in Check

Measuring your blood pressure will help you ensure that it does not get to a place where you can’t control it. It will help you determine whether the changes you’ve made to your diet and activity level are working. If not you can consult with your doctor and adjust accordingly.

Helps You Rule Out White Coat Hypertension

Some people get nervous and have elevated stress levels when they visit the hospital. These high-stress levels may tamper with the readings of your blood pressure and appear as if it is high. This is what is referred to as white coat hypertension. If the environment was to change, the readings would change and show that the blood pressure is normal. 

Tips For Taking Accurate Blood Pressure At Home

The aim is to not only measure your blood pressure but to do it accurately. Here are a few things to do to ensure accuracy;

1. Check the Accuracy of Your Device

Blood-Pressure-Monitor
Source: Pinterest

Get your device from a reputable blood pressure monitor manufacturer. Once that is done, go to your doctor to make sure the device is validated and works accurately. You can now use the device at home with a guarantee of its performance. However, after one year, take your device back to your doctor again. This is to compare the readings on your device to those taken by your doctor to ensure accuracy.

2. Find a Quiet Place

Chair-in-a-quiet-corner-of-the-house
Source: Pinterest

Go to a place where you’ll not have any disturbances and sit quietly. This will help your mind and body slow down for an accurate read on your monitoring device. Also, try your best not to talk during your reading. 

3. Position Your Arm Properly

Patient-taking-blood-pressure-readings-on-his-arm
Source: womensheart.org

Your arm should be placed on a flat surface and raised to the level of your heart. Find a table, armchair where you can rest your hand with ease. You might also need a cushion to aid you in raising the arm to the right level. When taking your blood pressure be sure to use the same arm each time. 

4. Apply the Cuff on Your Skin

Patient-applying-blood-pressure-cuff-on-his-arm
Source: womensheart.org

If you’re using a cuff as your bp instrument, make sure you use it on your skin. Placing it over clothes is not going to offer accurate results. Also, be sure to apply the cuffs lightly and avoid fixing it too tight. If it’s too tight it could restrict blood flow which would lead to inaccurate results. 

5. Make Sure you are Seated Right

Man seated while taking blood pressure measurements
Source: getqardio.com

Find a comfortable position and sit down with your feet resting on the floor uncrossed. Rest your back on the chair and make sure you are seated upright. Once this is done, you can work on positioning your arm in the right way. If possible try to take your blood pressure in the same position whenever you do. This will help you get used to positioning your arm right with ease. 

6. Take a repeat reading

Patient-taking-blood-pressure-readings
Source: spcr.nihr.ac.uk

Take note of the results after your first reading and wait for a few minutes before taking your second measurements. This will help you assess the accuracy of your device better. If your arm blood pressure device does not automatically log the results, make sure you write them down. This will help you compare the two and determine whether they are similar. 

Conclusion

You don’t have to wait for your doctor’s appointment to get your blood pressure measured. You can easily do it at home provided you follow the tips provided to ensure accuracy. It may take you a few tries before you get the hang of it but you will get there. Remember in case of any concerns about your device’s accuracy, just go to your doctor and get the help you need. 

 

Also read:

 

Physician taking a patient's blood pressure

The human body has a circulation system made up of an elaborate web of blood vessels. When blood is pumped by the heart, it flows through them to different body parts and organs. Blood pressure, therefore, refers to the rate of force at which blood flows through blood vessels.

Blood pressure is a major indicator of a person’s health. It has adverse effects on the body when it is too high or too low. For this reason, it is important to manage it within prescribed safe levels. In order to achieve this, it is important to understand what can cause blood pressure fluctuation.

Here are some of the reasons why your blood pressure may be fluctuating and how to manage it.

Table of Contents

Stress

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Source: Pexel

Your body is very attuned to your emotional health. When you are worried or under pressure, stress hormones like adrenalin and cortisol are released into your bloodstream. They increase your heart rate and cause your blood vessels to constrict. Both of these actions cause your blood pressure to spike.

An example of the short-run effect of stress is the “white coat syndrome”. Due to anxiety, most patients register a higher BP reading on a hospital BP machine. In a more relaxed environment, their readings are likely to be slightly lower.

When the stressor is withdrawn, your BP tends to return to within normal parameters. However, for people that live in a constant state of anxiety or tension, stress can have a long-term effect.

Food

A plate of steak and potatoes next to a glass of beer
Source: Pexel

The foods you consume get broken down through directions and absorbed into your blood. As a result, they affect the company chemistry of your blood and therein, your BP as well.

Salt contains sodium which plays a role in the level of fluids in your circulation system. A high intake of sodium increases the level of fluids in your body which in turn raises your BP. It is advisable to avoid salty foods such as processed meats and junk food. Lean meats, fruits, and vegetables are healthier alternatives.

Caffeinated drinks can also get your blood pressure readings off the charts. There are many medical opinions on why caffeine has this effect. Some posit, for instance, that it triggers hormones such as adrenalin and others that affect the dilation of blood vessels. However, what is clear is that caffeine has a stimulative effect that will raise your BP and heart rate.

Weather

Lady wearing blue jacket out in the snow
Source: Pexel

The body’s natural response to cold weather is to contract blood vessels. Narrow blood passageways increase the pressure of the blood flowing through them. As such, whenever you are cold, your BP may rise until you are warm again.

A Full Bladder

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Source: Unsplash

Medical research has shown that when your bladder is full and distended, it can elevate your blood pressure. The rise is temporary. If you empty your bladder before getting on the hospital BP monitor, you will get a more accurate reading.

Exertion

A man punching a bag in a gym
Source: Unsplash

When taking part in an exerting activity such as exercise or lifting a heavy load, your heart rate increases. The heart instinctively begins to pump faster so as to provide more oxygen and energy that your body needs to handle the task.

A by-product of this increased pumping rate is higher BP. When you return to a resting position, your heart rate also returns to a resting beating rate, and BP stabilizes.

Dehydration

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Source: Pexels

The volume of fluid in your body has a direct impact on blood pressure. When you are dehydrated, it means there is less fluid in your system which can lower your BP. An increase in the intake of fluids can remedy this fluctuation.

Over the Counter Medication

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Source: Unsplash

Some painkillers contain aspirin which is a blood thinner. Low dosage aspirin can lower blood pressure. Nevertheless, it should only be taken under the instruction of a physician.

Flu decongestant medicine ingredients such as ephedrine or oxymetazoline work by constricting blood vessels in the nose. However, they are absorbed in the bloodstream and thus can have the same effect on other blood vessels. For the duration that you are on them, your BP will likely be increased.

High Cholesterol

Illustration of heart and blood vessels
Source: Pinterest

Cholesterol can be described as a fat-like substance that is naturally produced by the liver. It is essential for the synthesis of certain hormones and the formation of cell membranes. There are two kinds of cholesterol:

Low-density lipoprotein(LDL) is what doctors refer to as ‘bad cholesterol’. When it occurs in high levels in your blood, it can accumulate on the walls of your arteries. The accumulation, known as plaque, narrows your blood vessels and increases your blood pressure. For as long as your arteries are clogged, your BP readings will likely remain high.

High-density cholesterol(HDL) helps lower the levels of ‘bad cholesterol’. If your lipid profile shows much lower HDL levels compared to your LDL, your doctor can prescribe medication to eradicate your bad cholesterol. In severe cases, surgery becomes inevitable to prevent the full blockage of arteries. You may also have to be put on medication to manage your blood pressure.

Diabetes

insulin injection
Source: diabetes.co.uk

Diabetes results in a high occurrence of glucose in the bloodstream. When glucose levels are not carefully managed, the inner parts of arteries begin to get damaged. In response to the damage, the arteries harden and become narrower thereby increasing BP.

It is for this reason that diabetes and hypertension tend to occur together in some patients. Diabetes hypertension can be avoided by strictly adhering to diabetes management protocols.

Pregnancy

Expectant lady with her hands on her belly
Source: Unsplash

In order to meet the circulatory needs of both the mother and the growing child, the circulatory system expands during gestation. Due to this, some expectant mothers are likely to experience low blood pressure for the duration of their pregnancy.

On the other hand, extremely high blood pressure can also occur during pregnancy. It is known as pre-eclampsia and is a life-threatening condition. It occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy and is likely to resolve after delivery. In some cases, though, it can persist into the postpartum phase. It requires keen observation and an expectant would probably need to have a bp checking machine at home for monitoring.

Anemia

Red blood cells in vein
Source: Pinterest

Low blood levels due to poor nutrition or illness can cause blood pressure to fall. It usually presents with fatigue and dizzy spells. It is common among expectant mothers and older people.

Iron-rich foods such as dark green leafy vegetables and liver can help improve blood levels. Your doctor may also prescribe iron supplements if they deem it fit.

Normal Fluctuation Ranges For Different Groups

Within certain sets of circumstances, some ranges of fluctuation are normal and to be expected. In such cases, a medical professional would choose to monitor your BP than take any intervention measures. Such a decision would be based on specific factors such as:

Age

Elderly couple sitting outside on a wooden bench
Source: Pexels

Even while in good health, age takes a toll on the body. It would therefore be unrealistic to expect the BP of a 60-year-old to be within the same level as that of a 20-year-old.

When taking blood pressure readings, older people tend to have higher numbers. For people above the age of 55, blood pressure can fluctuate up to about 129/79 mm Hg. However, according to current guidelines, anything above that should be treated as a hypertension diagnosis.

For younger people, recommended pressure limits are 120 mm Hg for systolic pressure and above 80 mm Hg for diastolic. That said, a healthy young adult should have BP that is below these maximum ranges.

Gender

A man and a woman in formal wear smiling
Source: Pexels

Research studies have observed that men typically have higher BP  than women. It is linked to why they are more predisposed to renal failure and cardiovascular ailments.

The recommended range for both men and women are, nonetheless, still guided by the 130/80 mm Hg standard. The only difference is that a small deviation is allowed between the genders.

Further, premenopausal women seem to register higher levels of blood pressure. The change is mainly attributed to changes in hormonal balance.

Conditions and Illnesses

Conditions such as pregnancy and illnesses like those involving the kidney can alter BP ranges. Based on different factors such as medication, normal ranges in these circumstances can be slightly out of prescribed margins. They are handled on a case by case basis depending on what the attendant doctors feel are safe parameters for the patient.

Why is it Important to Manage Your Blood Pressure?

There are benefits to reigning in errant blood pressure early and long-term consequences if it is neglected. Let us examine both scenarios.

Benefits of Long-Term Steady Blood Pressure

The peace of mind that comes with good health is unmatched. It is a worthy investment and pursuit in life. Maintaining a consistently healthy BP accords you benefits such as:

A Productive Life

Elderly lady running alongside police motorcycle
Source: Pexels

When you have a healthy and normal range of blood pressure, you can go about life more freely. You are less bogged down by the challenges of managing a chronic condition like hypertension. It allows you to pursue your goal without limitations that come with health challenges such as fatigue and depression.

Better Life-expectancy

Elder couple holding babies
Source: Pexels

It is a beautiful thing to be able to live a long and full life. Medical evidence shows, having a healthy BP improves life-expectancy with all other factors held constant. On average, men and women with normal blood pressure live 5 years longer than those with hypertension. 

Financial Benefits

Man in a black suit holding dollar bills
Source: Pexels

It is cheaper to avoid BP complications than it is to treat them. When you are diagnosed with chronic low or high blood pressure, medication becomes part of your daily life. Moreover, you will need periodic visits to the doctor as well as personal daily blood pressure monitoring. All these costs put together accumulate to a large sum and can be a financial burden.

The Implications of Unsteady Blood Pressure

High blood pressure does not occur in isolation. It entails a host of symptoms and side effects to a person’s health. The implications are serious and should be avoided at all costs. Irregular blood pressure may result in:

Life-threatening Illnesses

Man suffering from a heart attack and is pressing his chest
Source: Pixabay

Long durations of high blood pressure wear out blood vessels and can weaken or enlarge the heart. When this happens it places you at risk for various heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases. Damaged blood vessels are also the reason why hypertension patients are at risk for kidney failure.

HBP is additionally tied to hemorrhagic strokes. They happen when the sheer force of blood flow is so intense that it bursts crucial vessels. Strokes can be life-altering and in some cases, the survival chances are rather low.

Career Limitations

Pilot in cockpit
Source: Pixabay

In terms of career choice, you may not be able to take on certain jobs while suffering from unsteady BP. The jobs may either pose a risk to you or you may put other people’s lives at risk while doing them. Flying is a practical example of this. You may have great abilities as a pilot but hypertension may be exacerbated by frequent flying.

It is disheartening when a disease robs you of the chance to fulfill your dreams. Unfortunately, this is the reality of living with a chronic condition.

Depression

Sad lady wearing glasses
Source: Unsplash

Illness is a major stressor in anyone’s life especially when it is life-threatening. Plus, the limitations it imposes on your life as well as the costs involved can be depressing. Though you may understand that stress is bad for your health, you may not be able to avoid feeling low and defeated.

Working Towards a Healthy BP; How to Manage Your BP at Home

A notepad and a pen next to a stethoscope
Source: Pixabay

Perhaps the only upside of blood pressure challenges is that you can commit to managing them and turn your health around. Changed lifestyle habits have had a remarkable effect on many patients. In some, the need for medication is even completely eliminated.

How can you work toward healthier blood pressure levels?

Using a BP Monitor

An upper-arm blood pressure monitor

The symptoms of unsteady blood pressure can be covert and easy to dismiss as the effects of a long day. Most people may not even know that they have elevated or dangerously low blood pressure until they are in crisis. Still, even when the symptoms are not as pronounced, your organs and blood vessels are quietly getting damaged.

Further, when you have had a diagnosis and are on medication, you may believe that all is well yet it is not. For a variety of reasons, like poor diet or stress, your readings may still be high but you may be unaware.

Monitoring your blood pressure is very important if your aim is to attain healthy consistent levels. Whereas you can get measurements at the hospital using a hospital-grade blood pressure machine home checks are also recommended. They can help you or your physician:

Track your BP improvement over time

A cutting-edge blood pressure minitor by Raycome

Different blood pressure monitor manufacturers develop different technologies for their devices. Also, devices vary based on what part of the arm they are placed on. There are wrist blood pressure monitors and upper arm monitors. Finally, you have a choice of the simpler digital versions of the manual blood pressure machine.

The best blood pressure monitor to buy would be one that is accurate, easy to use, and safe.

Digital brands may be best as all you need to do is wear the cuff and wait for the systolic and diastolic pressure to display. Still, take your time to compare brands, their technology, and BP device price to find what will be best for you.

Make an effort to:

How to Choose a Blood Pressure Monitor

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Digital sphygmomanometer brands in the market often use single air tube technology. They calculate systolic and diastolic measurements based on oscillometric wave readings. Granted, it is a great way to measure regular BP but when it comes to irregular cases, it is inaccurate. Moreover, there is no standard way to calculate oscillometric readings. It leaves room for error which can be dangerous.

You may be better served by monitors from BP apparatus manufacturers that have sought to address such subtle but critical shortcomings. The Raycome Pulsewave devices are an example of such devices. They give you accurate readings using 2-sensor algorithm technology thereby eliminating the possibility of human error.

The Raycome Pulsewave devices are a special type of digital blood pressure monitor designed with dual-bag technology. During BP measurement, one bag in the cuff increases pressure while the other detects the pulse wave like a stethoscope. It also takes multi-point measurements of pressure between pulses for better accuracy. The device does all the hard work. All you have to do is read your displayed results and record them.

Workouts

Man running in the treadmill in a gym
Source: Pexels

Exercise has a myriad of benefits for your overall health. For your BP, especially, it can make a big difference. Being physically active spurs your heart to pump more vigorously. When this happens regularly, the heart muscles get stronger and pump blood with more ease and less pressure.

In addition, workouts help to keep your weight in check and burn off harmful fats. You may notice that your blood pressure is lower shortly after your exercise session but that is only temporary. In order to get the long term benefits, you need to be consistent with your exercising. You could use a blood pressure app to keep track of your progress.

Activities such as yoga have been found to improve blood flow. Tai chi, running on a treadmill, walks, and weightlifting with a trainer’s guidance are all options you can explore.

It is advisable to check with your doctor on whether your workout regimen is ideal. More so if you have other comorbidities other than BP issues. Similarly, pay attention to your body; when you feel dizzy or nauseous, stop the activity. 

Nutrition

Food on a white plate
Source: Pexels

The food on your plate could either be killing you or improving your life. That may sound dramatic but given the big role that food plays in your health, it is indeed true. It may be time to reevaluate your diet and incorporate food options that can improve your immunity and well-being.

Cardiologists have found that high sodium levels facilitate the production of harmful metabolites which increases the chances of cardiovascular illness. It would be best to cut out food rich in salt from your diet. Try giving up snacks like chips for celery and carrot slices.

You may benefit greatly from working with a nutritionist to come with a meal plan. Clean eating is rejected by many because it seems bland and restrictive. There are reasonable and fun diets you can try that would still allow you to enjoy food but in a healthier way.

Emotional Health

Couple in a therapy session
Source: Pexels

We place a life and death kind of importance on our jobs and certain relationships in our lives. At their expense, we work ourselves ragged and carry heavy emotional burdens. As you deal with all these pressures, your body is suffering as much trauma as your mind.

Endeavor to care more for your emotional and psychological wellness. Take time to unwind and seek therapy when you are overwhelmed. Take breaks from work and social interactions to recharge. You may be oblivious to it but whenever you are stressed, your immunity and blood pressure are compromised.

Conclusion

Becoming more aware and cautious of your health is one of the most important decisions you could ever make. Awareness may not just save you but also those around you that you hold dear. By encouraging them to get regular check-ups, you could unknowingly save their lives. Early detection of most conditions, including irregular BP, makes it easy to mitigate them before they advance into more severe stages.  

Blood pressure fluctuations can, in most cases, be salvaged and remedied, unlike most other chronic conditions. Take that first step and find out the status of your BP.